Understanding Biden’s Economy: Key Plans and Policies

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Amidst the fluctuating dynamics of global economies, Biden’s economy emerges as a focal point of interest for policymakers, analysts, and citizens alike, carrying profound implications for both national and international economic landscapes. At the heart of Biden’s efforts to steer the United States through periods of inflation, unemployment, and economic recovery lies a comprehensive suite of policies aimed at fostering job growth, reducing income inequality, and ensuring sustainable development. Through initiatives like the American Rescue Plan, Inflation Reduction Act, and investments in infrastructure and clean energy, the administration seeks to redefine fiscal policy, boost the middle class, and address the pressing challenges of climate change. This is understanding Biden’s economy.

This article delves into the economic strategies underpinning Biden’s presidency, examining key plans and policies that target vital areas such as affordable housing, the corporate tax rate, labor rights, and the care economy. It explores legislative milestones such as the passage of the CHIPS Act and Build Back Better, alongside efforts to enhance consumer protection, reduce prescription drug costs, and increase manufacturing jobs. Additionally, it assesses the market and economic reactions to these policies, scrutinizing their impact on inflation, the unemployment rate, and the broader goal of economic recovery. Through this exploration, readers will gain insight into the foundations and implications of Biden’s economy as it shapes the pathway towards a resilient, equitable, and prosperous future.

Biden’s Economic Campaigns

2020 Promises

During the 2020 presidential race, President Biden focused his economic campaign on several critical areas aimed at addressing immediate and systemic challenges. His promises included delivering relief in response to the Covid-19 pandemic, spurring investments in technology, infrastructure, and research and development. Additionally, he aimed to boost domestic manufacturing and raise the corporate tax rate. Biden also advocated for canceling student loan debt and lowering medical costs, which were pivotal points of his campaign platform.

2024 Goals

Looking ahead, President Biden has articulated clear goals to “finish the job” on his initial economic promises. These goals include increasing the corporate tax rate and restoring the expanded Child Tax Credit, which are central to his fiscal policy strategies. Furthermore, he proposed a first-time homebuyer credit to alleviate housing costs for families, demonstrating his commitment to making housing more affordable and accessible. Biden’s ongoing opposition to cuts in Social Security and Medicare, along with his proposal for a minimum 25% tax on billionaires, underscores his focus on fiscal policies that aim to benefit middle-class families.

Economic Vision and Strategy

Biden’s economic vision, often referred to as “Bidenomics,” is rooted in the belief that the economy should grow from the middle out and the bottom up, rather than from the top down. This approach is a direct response to previous policies that he and his administration view as having disproportionately benefited the wealthy and corporations at the expense of the middle class. By promoting policies that empower workers and ensure healthy market competition, Bidenomics seeks to fundamentally change the economic direction of the country. This strategy includes making significant investments in the American people while reducing the deficit, ensuring that the wealthy and large corporations contribute their fair share in taxes.

Legislative Milestones

American Rescue Plan

The American Rescue Plan (ARP), enacted in March 2021, marked a significant legislative milestone under President Biden’s administration. It allocated $1.9 trillion towards revitalizing the U.S. economy affected by the COVID-19 pandemic. Notably, the plan included $350 billion in fiscal aid directly to state, local, and tribal governments to mitigate the pandemic’s impact and support economic recovery. This funding was distributed in two phases, with strict deadlines for obligation and expenditure to ensure timely economic relief.

CHIPS Act and Jobs

Another pivotal legislative achievement was the CHIPS and Science Act of 2022, which aimed to revitalize the U.S. semiconductor industry. The act provided $52.7 billion for research, development, and manufacturing of semiconductors. This includes $39 billion in manufacturing incentives and a 25% investment tax credit for semiconductor production facilities. The legislation is expected to bolster U.S. leadership in technology and create tens of thousands of jobs, addressing both economic and national security concerns by reducing dependency on foreign semiconductor production.

Affordable Housing Initiatives

In the realm of affordable housing, significant strides were made with the introduction of various budget proposals under Biden’s administration. The 2022 budget proposed expanding the Low-Income Housing Tax Credit and introduced the Neighborhood Homes Tax Credit, aiming to stimulate the construction and renovation of affordable homes. Additionally, it included a $3.79 billion increase over the next decade to the Affordable Housing Program and a novel $7.5 billion investment to address the capital needs of distressed public housing. These initiatives are designed to significantly increase the availability of affordable housing and support low-income families across the United States.

Financial and Social Policies

President Biden’s fiscal agenda, particularly in the realm of tax reforms, health care improvements, and student loan forgiveness, reflects a strategic approach aimed at balancing economic growth with social equity.

Tax Reforms

Under Biden’s FY 2025 budget, a significant focus is placed on restructuring the tax system to ensure fairness and fiscal responsibility. The proposed changes aim to generate approximately $5.3 trillion in tax revenue from 2024 to 2034, with a net increase of about $3.4 trillion after accounting for various credits. Key proposals include raising the corporate income tax rate to 28%, which, despite its potential to reduce GDP and full-time jobs slightly, serves as a primary revenue driver. Additional measures involve expanding the net investment income tax and increasing the top individual income tax rate to 39.6% for high earners. These reforms are designed to redistribute income from the wealthiest to lower earners, with the bottom 60% of earners expected to see increases in after-tax income.

Health Care Improvements

The Biden administration has taken significant steps to reduce prescription drug costs and expand health care coverage. The Inflation Reduction Act allows Medicare to negotiate drug prices, which is expected to save seniors substantial amounts on medications. Furthermore, proposals are in place to extend the solvency of the Medicare Hospital Insurance trust fund and to permanently expand premium tax credits, reducing health insurance premiums for millions. These measures not only aim to make health care more affordable but also strive to ensure broader access to necessary treatments and medications.

Student Loan Forgiveness

Addressing the student debt crisis, the Biden-Harris Administration has introduced plans to cancel significant amounts of student debt. These include canceling up to $20,000 of debt for borrowers whose loan balances have grown due to unpaid interest, with a particular focus on low and middle-income earners. Additionally, automatic debt cancellation is proposed for borrowers eligible under specific forgiveness programs but who have faced administrative barriers. These initiatives are expected to provide financial relief to over 30 million Americans, easing the economic burdens associated with higher education.

Each of these policies underscores Biden’s commitment to creating a more equitable economic environment where fiscal responsibility is balanced with social welfare enhancements.

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Market and Economic Reactions

Inflation and Recovery

In the period from June 2022 to June 2023, inflation showed a significant decrease from a high of 9.1% to 3%. Despite this improvement, the overall economic approval rating of President Biden remained low, influenced by public perception rather than just economic indicators. This suggests that while objective measures such as the inflation rate have improved, public sentiment has not fully recovered. The Federal Reserve responded to the high inflation rates by increasing interest rates 11 times since March 2022, aiming to stabilize the economy.

Public Sentiment

Public confidence in President Biden’s handling of the economy has been notably low, with only 38% of U.S. adults expressing a fair amount of confidence in his economic management. This is significantly lower compared to the initial 57% in 2021, which dropped to 40% amid rising inflation and has remained below 40% since. The Index of Consumer Sentiment, which reflects public expectations about the economy, also shows that perceptions remain more pessimistic than during the early months of Biden’s presidency.

Political Climate

The political climate has also affected economic perceptions. A comparison of economic approval ratings between Presidents Trump and Biden reveals that external factors like the pandemic and geopolitical events such as Russia’s invasion of Ukraine have complicated the public’s assessment of Biden’s economic policies. Despite the administration’s efforts and legislative successes, such as the American Rescue Plan and the CHIPS Act, Biden’s economic approval ratings have struggled to match those of his predecessor, who maintained higher ratings even during economic downturns. This disparity in public trust could have significant implications for upcoming elections, as economic management remains a top priority for voters.

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As we’ve traversed through the intricate landscape of Biden’s economic strategies, it becomes evident that a multifaceted approach has been employed to address the myriad challenges facing the U.S. economy. From unprecedented fiscal injections aimed at pandemic recovery via the American Rescue Plan to structural reforms through the Inflation Reduction Act and significant investments in infrastructure and clean energy, Bidenomics seeks to catalyze sustainable growth, equity, and resilience within the American economy. These efforts, underscored by legislative milestones such as the CHIPS Act and affordable housing initiatives, highlight a deep commitment to revitalizing the nation’s economic foundation while striving for social justice and climate responsibility.

Nevertheless, the journey of Biden’s economic policies amidst the ebbs and flows of market reactions and public sentiment reflects the complexity of navigating recovery in a post-pandemic world. The reduction in inflation and strategic tax reforms underscore a focused direction toward enhancing fiscal stability and addressing long-standing inequalities. However, the mixed economic approval ratings signal a crucial need for continued dialogue and engagement with public concerns. As the Biden administration moves forward, the significance of these policies and their impacts on the national and global stage underscores the imperative for further research, refinement, and collective action toward achieving a prosperously inclusive future.


1. What economic strategies has Joe Biden advocated during his presidential campaigns? During the 2020 and 2024 presidential campaigns, Joe Biden focused on economic policies aimed at bolstering the middle class, expanding healthcare access, increasing taxes on the wealthy, and investing heavily in green energy infrastructure.

2. What is Donald Trump’s economic strategy? Donald Trump’s economic approach during his presidency involved implementing higher tariffs and engaging in trade disputes. His current plan includes the imposition of at least a 10 percent tariff on all imported goods, aiming to encircle the U.S. economy and affecting over $3 trillion in annual global trade.

3. What are the main objectives of Biden’s foreign policy? Joe Biden’s foreign policy is rooted in principles of liberal internationalism, American exceptionalism, and practical diplomacy. His administration has focused on reinforcing the transatlantic partnership between the United States and European nations.

4. How does the president influence inflation? The president can significantly influence the economy and inflation through decisions related to tax policies, military engagements, and governmental financial aid. These actions play a crucial role in how the administration addresses high inflation or stimulates the economy during periods of economic downturn.